The ONS has published some experimental statistics detailing public sector revenue and expenditure for the countries and regions of the UK.
The data finds that in 2015/16 Scotland raised the fourth most (£10,230) in public sector revenue per person out of the UK’s 12 NUTS 1 statistical regions, and received the second most (£13,054) in terms of public sector expenditure. This resulted in a deficit of £2,824 per person.
Scotland’s deficit was the fifth biggest in the UK, behind Northern Ireland (£5,437), Wales (£4,545), and North East (£3,827) and North West (£3,043) England. Only the East of England, the South East, and London had a surplus.
We’ve created three graphs based on the data. You can explore all the data here.
Source: ONS—Country and regional public sector finances: Financial year ending March 2016, Table 3 (.xls).
Source: ONS—Country and regional public sector finances: Financial year ending March 2016, Table 5 (.xls).
Source: ONS—Country and regional public sector finances: Financial year ending March 2016, Tables 3 and 5.
To put the UK in context, the below chart from Eurostat shows just how big the disparity in GDP per capita is between London and the national average when compared with other EU countries.
(We’re not sure why the UK is the only country with two blue circles for ‘Capital region’. We’ve asked Eurostat about this and will update the page when they get back to us.) Update—Eurostat has informed us that the lower blue dot in the UK column is a visualisation error and in fact belongs to ‘Other NUTS regions’.