Unemployment in Scotland falls to 4%

Employment statistics for February to April 2017 were released this morning. They show a continued decline in unemployment in Scotland. The figure now sits at 4%, the lowest of the four UK countries1, a decrease of 0.6% on the previous quarter (Nov 2016 to Jan 2017), and down 1.8% year on year. The BBC notes that 4% “equals the figure recorded between March and May in 2008.” In fact, it’s the joint-lowest since records began in 1992.

Economically active (aged 16-64) Employment (aged 16-64) Unemployment (aged 16+) Economically inactive (aged 16-64)
Country Rate (change since Feb – Apr 2016) Rate (change since Feb – Apr 2016) Rate (change since Feb – Apr 2016) Rate (change since Feb – Apr 2016)
England 78.9% (+0.3) 75.2% (+0.6) 4.6% (-0.4) 21.1% (-0.3)
Wales 76.8% (+1.1) 72.9% (+1.0) 4.8% (+0.1) 23.2% (-1.1)
Scotland 77.3% (-0.4) 74.1% (+0.9) 4.0% (-1.8) 22.7% (+0.4)
Northern Ireland 72.8% (-1.4) 68.8% (-1.0) 5.4% (-0.3) 27.2% (+1.4)

Source: ONS dataset A01: Summary of labour market statistics (Table 22: Regional Labour Force Survey Summary). Further information: ONS June 2017 UK labour market bulletin.

Other notes from the ONS’s publication:

  • Of the 12 UK regions and nations, Scotland saw the second biggest increase in workforce jobs (56,000) between December 2016 and March 2017.
  • In March 2017 82.6% of jobs in Scotland were in the services industries. This compares to 91.9% in London and 77.9% in Wales.
  • For the period from January to December 2016, Scotland—along with the North East and North West of England—had the lowest average actual weekly hours worked in full-time jobs, at 36.9 hours. This compares to London’s 38.4 hours, the highest in the UK during 2016.
  1. The average unemployment rate in the UK for the period Feb to Apr 2017 is 4.6%.

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