Pit astronomy heich up in the Scots eddication seestem

Editor’s note: many thanks to James for Discourse.scot’s first article in Scots. You can read about the rich history of Scots, and explore its vocabulary, over at the Dictionar o the Scots Leid website. There’s also a selected glossary at the end of this post. Happy reading. JS.


By James McDonald
We can read this Thursday in The National that Scotland coud be the place for the rapplin space industry by the wey o Tom Walkinshaw o technology firm, Alba Orbital. We can read an aw that space technology firms fae Scotland is developpin new technology, wi Alba Orbital developpin the lichtest, cheapest, an peeriest sattelite aroun.

Anither newins tae dae wi the Scots space industry, the possibeelity o a spaceport, wis proponed an aw, bi Commonspace. This idea wis descreived as “science fiction” bi Adam Tomkins, Tory MSP. But this is in maugre o the first spaceport bein biggit in Kazakhstan in 1957 (on lease tae Roushie syne Kazakhstan’s wanthirldom in 1991) an twa new yins biggit juist last yeir, in Roushie an Cheena. Sae it’s mair tae be science fact. An Scotland awready haes its ain space industry, becomin sonsier an sonsier, as Commonspace pynts out.

An Scotland investin in its space industry wad be a braw idea, in ma view, for a hantle raisons. The investment wad forder a industry that, forrit an ayont, coud be crucial for the hale o Jock Tamson’s bairns. It wad create jobs that fowk coud actually be greeshochie anent an aw. An, on tap o that, it wad pit Scotland at the forebreist o innovation, as it’s afttimes been.

But whit can be daen for tae forder this industry?

Och, the state o the economy is relevant: a economy that isnae diverse eneuch, a economy that isnae even biggin the components for caurs, willnae can produce a major space industry. Anither relevant element is the financial an infrastructure investment fae the govrenment. An the encouragement or discouragement hings on whaur individuals an firms is makkin thair efforts an aw: whiles, in ony domain, ye juist need the yin-twa eydent buddies for awthing tae gang fae naething till something.

But hou can thae eydent buddies even hae thair ideas, gif thay dinnae learn anent thaim? Och, it’s possible that thay can gang awa thairsels an learn things aw bi thairsels. An that comes o some fowk. Some fowk juist learn things on thair ain. An that is a rare thing. This kin o willint naitur can an should be upsteert. But awbody isnae sic a aiver learner. An, even for the fowk that learns on thair lanesome like that, thay dinnae necessarly finn the swecht for tae resairch thair favourite topic on thair ain: thay found the topic through fowk shawin it tae thaim, wis interestit in learnin mair about it, an then gaun awa an learnt about it.

Hou can we git fae wir present knawledge o an interest in astronomy in Scotland tae a generation wi mony buddin astronomers?

Ma idea is tae pit astronomy heich up in the curriculum. The idea that astronomy shud hae a place in the curriculum is supportit bi the journal airticle Teaching Astronomy: Why and How?

Afore leukin at alternatives, we’ll see whit astronomy lessons is like in Scotland awready. Thir days, there a fair differ aqueish astronomy in Scots heicher eddication an eddication afore that: scuils pit astronomy as pairt o pheesics, while universities gie it its ain place. This is true in general; outthrou different kintras, there is mair availability o astronomy at universitie level than at scuil level. At the moment, there isnae a National Qualification for astronomy though there a pheesics unit that is anent astronomy, an it is guid that there is something.

Obviously, we can say astronomy is pairt o pheesics. But astropheesics is in fack juist the ae subdiscipline o astronomy; there is forby ither owerlaps wi ither subjecks: astrobiology, astrochemistry, even archeoastronomy, as weel as ither domains athin astronomy, like celestial mechanics, pheesical cosmology an planetary science.

Turnin tae ither times an places, we can see that there wis or is mair astronomy lessons. In auncient Greek scuils, astronomy wis gien date an gree amang scuil subjecks. In the Pythagorean scuil, for insaumple, it wis yin o the major subjecks.

Nou that we recognise the importance o space traivel an the propines it can bring us, it should be mair important, no less. Thir propines can range fae the space traivel itsel (for tae hae the potential tae can stairt colonies on ither planets some day) tae technology developpit bi NASA, an then transfert tae Earth uise, like artificial limbs amang ither innovations. Sae we should, by wey o it, be mair interestit in space than the auncient Greeks were.

Nou tae leuk at anither kintra, in pairts o whilk astronomy is awready heich placed in the curriculum. That kintra is East Germany, whaur there wis obligator astronomy clesses fae 1959 on. This is true yet in fower o the five Eastern Länder (states): Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen an in Brandenburg. Famous astronomers like Martin Fiedler, Jens Kandler, Maik Meyer, André Knöfel, Lutz D. Schmadel an, maist notably, Thomas Henning, wha wirks as director at the Max Planck Astronomy Institute (Max-Planck-Institut für astronomy) is aw astronomers that haes been through the East German seestem wi astronomy lessons. The situation in Eastern Germany wad obviously no be replicate like for like in Scots scuils, wi the wey Scots scuils is mair intae chyce, but we cud offer mair aften the chyce tae learn the astronomy.

In Scotland, whit we coud dae is eik astronomy intae Scots scuils as a separate subjeck, leastweys at Higher level. Obviously, we cannae gang straucht fae nae teachers specialisin in astronomy tae aw the scuils haein thaim. There wad need tae be a hauflin process through whilk things wad temporarily gang.

On tap o that, anither thing we need tae think on is the wey in whilk fowk learn. This is important an aw: we wad aye want tae teach it richt, an in a wey that forders a gey wheen o the pupils tae continue in the field. As Neil deGrasse Tyson says:

“I would teach how science works as much as I would teach what science knows. I would assert (given that essentially, everyone will learn to read) that science literacy is the most important kind of literacy thay can take into the 21st century. I would undervalue grades based on knowing things and find ways to reward curiosity. In the end, it’s the people who are curious who change the world.”
― Neil deGrasse Tyson

Sae we can see that the feelin o wonder for the warld, an the promuivin o whilk, is fundamental tae the forderin o society.

Anither quote o his is the follaein:

“I am trying to convince people — not only the public, but lawmakers and people in power — that investing in the frontier of science, however remote it may seem in its relevance to what you’re doing today, is a way of stockpiling the seed corns of future harvests of this nation.”

Och, he’s talkin anent the Unitit States in yon statement, but it isnae less true for Scotland or ony ither place.

Sae, aw in aw, astronomy wad be benefeicial gin it’s for the future o humanity or for the future o Scotland’s space industry, or Scotland’s economy mair generally, or the potential inventions, or ony ither raison. An that’s hou A wad think that it wad be braw gif we coud see astronomy pit heicher up in Scots scuils. An teach in it in a wey that fowk can be inspired by.

James McDonaldJames McDonald is a Scots polyglot steyin in Réunion. He is keen on different leids, inspecially local leids, an thair forderin, whether it’s Scots, Gaelic, Réunion Creole or ither leids. He wirks in scuils, helpin bairns wi thair hamewirk an giein chess lessons. Ye can contack him on jmcd89 [AT] googlemail [DOT] com.

Selected glossary

Scots English
aiver eager
anent about
aqueish between
eydent industrious
eik add
forebreist forefront
fowk people
gif if
greeshochie enthusiastic
hauflin intermediate
heicher higher
och An exclamation of peremptory dismissal of a subject (can also be exclamation of weariness, oh!, alas!)
peeriest smallest
promuivin promoting
propone to propose (as a question for discussion)
sonsier an sonsier Becoming ever more prosperous
upsteert encouraged
wanthirldom independence
whiles sometimes
yin-twa a few

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